MSBase research article published in Multiple Sclerosis journal: congratulations Myintzu Min & Jeannette Lechner-Scott
Silent lesions on MRI imaging – Shifting goal posts for treatment decisions in multiple sclerosis
Min, M., T. Spelman, A. Lugaresi, C. Boz, D. Spitaleri, E. Pucci, F. Grand’Maison, F. Granella, G. Izquierdo, H. Butzkueven, J. L. Sanchez-Menoyo, M. Barnett, M. Girard, M. Trojano, P. Grammond, P. Duquette, P. Sola, R. Alroughani, R. Hupperts, S. Vucic, T. Kalincik, V. Van-Pesch and J. Lechner-Scott. Mult Scler. (Oct 2018) 24(12): 1569-1577. http://dx.org/10.1177/1352458518798147
The current best practice suggests yearly magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to monitor treatment response in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients.
To evaluate the current practice of clinicians changing MS treatment based on subclinical new MRI lesions alone.
Using MSBase, an international MS patient registry with MRI data, we analysed the probability of treatment change among patients with clinically silent new MRI lesions.
A total of 8311 MRI brain scans of 4232 patients were identified. Around 26.9% (336/1247) MRIs with one new T2 lesion were followed by disease-modifying therapy (DMT) change, increasing to 50.2% (129/257) with six new T2 lesions. DMT change was twice as likely with new T1 contrast enhancing compared to new T2 lesions odds ratio (OR): 2.43, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.00-2.96 vs OR: 1.26 (95% CI: 1.22-1.29). DMT change with new MRI lesions occurred most frequently with 'injectable' DMTs. The probability of switching therapy was greater only after high-efficacy therapies became available in 2007 (after, OR: 1.43, 95% CI: 1.28-1.59 vs before, OR: 0.98, 95% CI: 0.520-1.88).
MS clinicians rely increasingly on MRI alone in their treatment decisions, utilizing low thresholds (1 new T2 lesion) for optimizing MS therapy. This signals a shift towards no evidence of disease activity (NEDA)-3 since high-efficacy therapies became available.
Disease-modifying therapy; magnetic resonance imaging; subclinical lesions